National Association of Special Education Teachers: Computer Hardware and Software for Special Education #computer #software,

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IEP Goals, Objective and Activities

NASET has created a simple, and easy to use application for the iPad and iPhone. The IEP Goals, Objectives Activities App provides a convenient tool to easily choose and build a student’s list of IEP Annual Goals, Short Term Objectives, and Behavioral Objectives.

In order to do this, you will be able to choose from:

  • Numerous Annual Goal areas;
  • Over 100 Short Term Objectives
  • Almost 5,000 Behavioral Objectives

Plus, this app allows you to:

  • Plan each student’s educational curriculum
  • Develop, from a list of over 2,700 Suggested Activities, enrichment experiences to enhance student development
  • Export the assembled annual goals, short term objectives and behavioral objectives for each student via email

Failure Free Reading’s materials include a unique combination of print, talking software, and teacher directed lessons. Classroom kits include teacher’s manual, reinforcement activities, student workbooks, independent reading booklets, instructional readers, flashcards, parent communication letters, certificate of accomplishments, and more. Software includes spelling, listening comprehension, story books, language development, reading comprehension activities and more. The software also has Spanish resources for teaching English to Spanish speaking students.

Failure Free Reading uses a model of repetition, control, and feedback – integrating teacher, text, and technology. The program is integrated and coordinated to provide multiple exposures in multiple contexts. Students read material that is designed to be of interest to students in their grade/age level; the logic of the program is that at each and every level, repetition, semantic support in the form of word meaning and word pronunciations, and the “additive” principle of sentence complexity (which is relaxed in grade 3 and above) provide the scaffolding that helps students cope with the texts.

Progressive Academic Learning Systems (PALS)

ABA/Discrete Trial Educational CD

  • Educational software for school and home
  • 168 lessons
  • 44,000+ tasks
  • Supports school curriculum standards
  • Spanish version available

SofDesign International, Inc.
701 E. Plano Pkwy
Suite 500
Plano, Texas 75074
Phone 972.644.0098
Fax 214.722.1500

Parrot Software
P.O. Box 250755
West Bloomfield, MI 48325
Phone: 1-800-727-7681
FAX: 248-788-3224
International: 1-248-788-3223

Computer software and more at special

teacher only prices. Proof of employment as

a teacher required to purchase products at their

LEAPS – Online Resources for Behavior Remediation

Provenio’s flagship product, LEAPS, (Life Excelerator/Assessment of Personal Skills) consists of a research-based interactive library covering 109 coping, adapting and functioning life skills. LEAPS’ assessment tool allows instructors to assess each individual student’s instructional needs and prescribes a personalized instructional program for the behavior component of the IEP process.


2006/2007 National Association of Special Education Teachers. All rights reserved

Substance De-addiction – Treatment Modalities – Alcoholism -Diseases and Conditions #counselling #and #psychotherapy, #pharmacotherapy, #self

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Drug abuse and dependence can be treated with levels of success comparable to those for other chronic conditions. Similarly to chronic diseases, such as diabetes or hypertension, the use of a combination of approaches (medications, behavioural changes, and health care for physical and psychological symptoms) during appropriate periods of time is needed to suit each individual’s needs and the severity of the problem at different stages of recovery.

There are many types of services for drug users that may be linked to provide a “continuum of care”. If there is integration between different interventions, clients are more likely to progress and move smoothly from one programme to another to become, and remain, drug-free.

Types of interventions

Early/brief interventions are designed to prevent the progression to problematic drug use by detecting persons who are using drugs in a potentially hazardous manner and helping them to stop or decrease use. This is best carried out within the primary care system by general practitioners, nurses and community workers.

Outreach, harm reduction and low-threshold interventions

Outreach, harm reduction and low-threshold interventions aim to reach drug users, build trust, provide basic living support, prevent or reduce negative health consequences associated with certain behaviours, and initiate a therapeutic process whenever the person is ready for it, without setting abstinence as an initial condition. In relation to drug injecting, ‘harm reduction’ components of comprehensive interventions aim to prevent transmission of HIV and other infections that occur through the sharing of non-sterile injection equipment and drug preparations.

Detoxification programmes help a person who is dependent on a psychoactive substance to cease use in a way that minimizes the symptoms of withdrawal and the risk of complications, sometimes using a prescribed medication. Detoxification alone has limited effectiveness and should be considered the starting point for other treatment interventions aimed at abstinence.

Counselling and psychotherapy

Counselling and psychotherapy form integral parts of most forms of treatment. They aim at initiating and maintaining behavioural and lifestyle changes, and help to control urges to use illicit substances.

Counselling is an intensive interpersonal process concerned with assisting people in

achieving their goals or functioning more effectively. It uses a variety of methodologies and techniques, including motivational interventions, cognitive-behavioural approaches (social skills training, stress management, anger management),

relapse prevention, provision of incentives, community reinforcement therapies

and family interventions. Psychotherapy is generally a longer-term process concerned with reconstruction of the person and larger changes in more fundamental psychological attributes, such as personality structure.

Pharmacotherapy involves the use of prescribed medications to support the patient in stabilizing his/her life and reducing or eliminating the use of a particular illicit substance. Two main types of pharmacological agents are administered for these purposes: substitution drugs, which are pharmacologically related to the drug producing dependence; and blocking agents, which do not have any psychotropic effects and block the effects of the substance(s) producing dependence.

Pharmacotherapies are often accompanied by psychological and other treatment.

Self help approaches aim at abstinence from alcohol and other drugs and are mostly organized around the 12-step programme of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or adaptations of that programme.

These programmes involve admitting one is powerless over one’s drinking/drug taking and over one’s life because of drinking/ drug taking, turning one’s life over to a ‘higher power’, making a moral inventory and amends for past wrongs, and offering to help other people with addiction problems.

Ancillary health and social services. Many patients also require other services, such as medical and mental health services, vocational training, employment and housing support, and legal advice.

As the patient progresses, the intensity of treatment decreases and the final part of treatment entails continuing individual and group support in order to prevent a return to substance use. Full rehabilitation and reintegration requires efforts at all levels of society.

Depending on the individual needs and problem severity, treatment interventions will take place in one of the following settings:

Community-based treatment is in a non-residential setting. Outpatient treatments (day attendance based services provided from a hospital) are often bracketed by community-based treatments. Examples of community-based treatments are opioid substitution programmes, counselling programmes and aftercare services.

Residential treatment programmes provide residential services on the same site as treatment services. The programmes generally strive to provide an environment free of substance abuse, with an expectation for compliance in a number of activities such as detoxification, assessment, information/education, counselling, group work, vocational training, and the development or recovery of social and lifeskills. Two main types of residential treatment are available: shorter term residential therapy (less than six months, including detoxification) and residential therapeutic community treatment (typically six to 12 months post-detoxification). Therapeutic communities are highly structured programmes focusing on the resocialization of the patient to a drug-free lifestyle, using the programme’s community as an active ingredient of treatment.

Institutional treatment, meaning drug treatment programmes in correctional institutions, can provide similar services to those available in the community with the aims ranging from a reduction of the health consequences, including HIV/ AIDS transmission, to the elimination of drug abuse and a reduction of criminal behaviours. The most successful programmes link to community-based programmes that continue treatment when the client returns to the community.

Reproduced with permission from: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Copyright © 2004 UNODC, All Rights Reserved

Setting up Apache HTTPS #setting #up #a #server

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I am assuming that you already have Apache2 installed and working on a Windows server.

For SSL/HTTPS to work you need to download and setup the Win32 Binary including OpenSSL httpd/apache_x.x.x-win32-x86-openssl-x.x.x.msi on your Windows server.

If you now have regular HTTP server working follow the guide below to setup HTTPS.

Setting up HTTPS on a Windows Server:

Creating a self-signed SSL Certificate using OpenSSL:

Open the command prompt and cd to your Apache installations bin directory. Usually it would be:

cd C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\bin

To create the SSL certificate we will need the openssl.cnf files location but the default location set by OpenSSL for this file is setup according to a Linux distribution, so we need to fix it for Windows.

We need to setup the Windows environment variable OPENSSL_CONF to point to the openssl.cnf files location. It is usually located in C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf\openssl.cnf directory.

So we can set it up by the following command or through the GUI interface:

set OPENSSL_CONF=C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf\openssl.cnf

All files generated from the following commands will reside in C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\bin folder.

Now that we have the environment variable set we need to create a new OpenSSL certificate request using the following command:

openssl req -new -out server.csr

It will ask you some questions and you can safely ignore them and just answer the following questions:
PEM pass phrase. Password associated with the private key you re generating (anything of your choice).
Common Name. The fully-qualified domain name associated with this certificate (i.e.

Now we need to remove the passphrase from the private key. The file server.key created from the following command should be only readable by the apache server and the administrator. You should also delete the .rnd file because it contains the entropy information for creating the key and could be used for cryptographic attacks against your private key.

openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out server.key

Now we need to set up an expiry date, it could be any time of your choice, we use 365 days below:

openssl x509 -in server.csr -out server.cert -req -signkey server.key -days 365

We have the Self-signed SSL certificates ready now. Now We need to MOVE the server.cert and server.key file to the

C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf location.

Configuring Apache to run SSL/HTTPS server:

Now that we have the Self-signed SSL certificate ready, all we need is to configure Apache to start the SSL server.

First we modify the C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf\httpd.conf file.

Open up conf\httpd.conf in a text editor and look for the line:

LoadModule ssl_module modules/ and remove any pound sign (#) characters preceding it.

Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf and remove any pound sign (#) characters preceding it.

Now we need to modify the C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf\extra\httpd-ssl.conf . Let all the default options as it is but make sure to modify the following section according to your need:

SSLCertificateFile C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/conf/server.cert

SSLCertificateKeyFile C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/conf/server.key

Make sure that SSLCertificateFile and SSLCertificateKeyFile are properly located.

For better organizing you can also put the whole VirtualHost /VirtualHost section in the C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf\extra\httpd-vhosts.conf along with your other Virtual Host settings there but you need to uncomment “Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf” in your conf\httpd.conf file to use that.

Opening SSL/HTTPS port on Windows:

Now we need to open an exception in Windows Firewall for TCP port 443. You can do that by going to “Windows Firewall” settings in Control Panel and adding a port in the exception section.

Well that was long and painful but but now Restart the server and everything should work fine.

Please feel free to leave comments if this guide helped.

Create Self-Signed CertificateC

Thanks a lot for the help on this especially on pointing to the openssl.cnf in command prompt.

I still have a big problem, after doing all this, I restart my server and it says: The requested operation has failed . Do note that I installed the following file for Apache: httpd-2.2.17-win32-x86-openssl-0.9.8o.msi.

What can be the problem?

It s been a bit of time, yet still your directions are great. I ve just downloaded the WampServer, and was having the error ordinal 924 could not be located in the dynamic link library LIBEAY32.dll when trying to general the new certificate request. I replace the openssl.exe, libeay32.dll, and ssleay32.dll from an older version of PHP (i.e. version 5.2.17-Win32), and the command magically worked. (Think it may have to do with the setup -or lack thereof of my machine.) From there on, it was clear sailing.

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