Texas Personal Injury Lawyer – board certified – personal injury trial law – medical malpractice

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Welcome to the Personal Injury website of

Sarnie Randle has been an attorney since 1975 and board certified in Personal Injury Trial Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization since 1984. He is highly regarded as a competent trial lawyer with over 30 years experience representing injured victims in personal injury claims. Many of them have had auto accidents, truck accidents or motorcycle accidents, as well as injuries from pedestrian accidents, premises liabilities, products liabilities, slip-n-falls, breach of contract, deceptive trade practices, construction accidents, medical malpractice, nursing home abuse\negligence, and wrongful death cases. Sarnie Randle is committed to fighting for the rights of individuals, and their families, who have suffered injuries and wrongful deaths due to the negligent conduct of others. Attorney Randle will handle the insurance adjusters and work hard to obtain the maximum for your injury.

Personal injury law is complex and negligence can be difficult to prove. Only an experienced personal injury attorney can effectively establish and present the facts of your case to ensure that you receive fair compensation. If you have been hurt because of another person or company’s negligence, you may be entitled to recover damages from those responsible. Sarnie Randle will thoroughly analyze your case and offer advice as to your best legal options. Whether he is working with you to reach a fair and equitable settlement, or is aggressively pursuing litigation, he acts in your best interest.

Because of the Statute of Limitations, it is important that you act quickly or you may permanently lose your right to file a claim. The sooner you call attorney Randle, the sooner he can go to work on your behalf. Remember, time is on the side of the insurance companies. The longer you wait, the weaker your personal injury case becomes. Witnesses forget or move, physical evidence is removed, and claims filing deadlines run out. You need to act now.

(713) 626-8600

The call is FREE and so is your initial consultation. In fact, YOU PAY US NOTHING unless we make a recovery for you. Our fee is contingent on securing a verdict or settlement for you.

DoS Attack (DDOS, Ping Flood, Smurf, Fraggle, SYN Flood, Teardrop) #dos #attack,prevent #dos #attack,detect #dos

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The denial of service (DoS) attack is statistically the most used malicious attack out of them all. This stems from the ease of use of the attack, as well as the alarming lethality. Literally anyone can bring down a website with a simple command prompt. The question is- how do you protect against an attack that can cripple your network or website in a matter of minutes?

Types of Denial of Service (DoS) Attack

If you are going to protect against an attack, you first have to know how it works. You must familiarize yourself with the different variations, methods, and plans of attacks that hackers use. Surprisingly, there are at least seven different classifications of denial of service (DoS) attacks known today.

Ping Flood

The most basic of attacks is the ping flood attack. It relies on the ICMP echo command, more popularly known as ping. In legitimate situations the ping command is used by network administrators to test connectivity between two computers. In the ping flood attack, it is used to flood large amounts of data packets to the victim’s computer in an attempt to overload it. You can see an example of the ping flood attack below.

Two Exploitable Commands Using Ping

  • 1. The –n command tells the prompt to send the request a specified amount of times. The default is four packets, but we sent five.
  • 2. The –l command tells the prompt how much data to send for each packet. The maximum is 65,500 bytes, while the default is just 32.
  • This type of attack is generally useless on larger networks or websites. This is because only one computer is being used to flood the victim’s resources. If we were to use a group of computers, then the attack would become a distributed denial of service (DoS) attack. or DDoS.

    The most common cure to the ping flood attack is to simply ban the IP address from accessing your network. A distributed denial of service (DoS) attack is a bit more complex, but we will take a look at them later on.

    Ping of Death

    The ping of death attack, or PoD, can cripple a network based on a flaw in the TCP/IP system. The maximum size for a packet is 65,535 bytes. If one were to send a packet larger than that, the receiving computer would ultimately crash from confusion.

    Sending a ping of this size is against the rules of the TCP/IP protocol, but hackers can bypass this by cleverly sending the packets in fragments. When the fragments are assembled on the receiving computer, the overall packet size is too great. This will cause a buffer overlflow and crash the device.

    Luckily, most devices created after 1998 are immune to this kind of attack. If you are running a network with outdated devices this will indeed be a possible threat to your network. In this case, upgrade your devices if possible.

    Smurf / Smurfing

    When conducting a smurf attack, attackers will use spoof their IP address to be the same as the victim’s IP address. This will cause great confusion on the victim’s network, and a massive flood of traffic will be sent to the victim’s networking device, if done correctly.

    Most firewalls protect against smurf attacks, but if you do notice one, there are several things you can do. If you have access to the router your network or website is on, simply tell it to not forward packets to broadcast addresses. In a Cisco router, simply use the command: no ip directed-broadcast.

    This won’t necessarily nullify the smurf attack, but it will greatly reduce the impact and also prevent your network or website from attacking others by passing on the attack. Optionally, you could upgrade your router to newer Cisco routers, which automatically filter out the spoofed IP addresses that smurf attacks rely on.


    A Fraggle attack is exactly the same as a smurf attack, except that it uses the user datagram protocol, or UDP, rather than the more common transmission control protocol, or TCP. Fraggle attacks, like smurf attacks, are starting to become outdated and are commonly stopped by most firewalls or routers.

    If indeed you think you are being plagued by a fraggle attack, simply block the echo port, located at port 7. You may also wish to block port 19, which is another commonly used fraggle exploitable port. This attack is generally less powerful than the smurf attack, since the TCP protocol is much more widely used than the UDP protocol.

    SYN Flood

    The SYN flood attack takes advantage of the TCP three-way handshake. This method operates two separate ways. Both methods attempt to start a three-way handshake, but not complete it. You can view the proper three-way handshake below.

    The first attack method can be achieved when the attacker sends a synchronize request, or SYN, with a spoofed IP address. When the server tries to send back a SYN-ACK request, or synchronize-acknowledge request, it will obviously not get a response. This means that the server never obtains the client’s ACK request, and resources are left half-open.

    Alternatively, the attacker can just choose to not send the acknowledgement request. Both of these methods stall the server, who is patiently waiting for the ACK request. Thankfully, this hole in the three-way handshake has been patched for years, just like the ping of death attack. Should you suspect that your older devices are the subject of this attack, upgrade them immediately.


    In the teardrop attack, packet fragments are sent in a jumbled and confused order. When the receiving device attempts to reassemble them, it obviously won’t know how to handle the request. Older versions of operating systems will simply just crash when this occurs.

    Operating systems such as Windows NT, Windows 95, and even Linux versions prior to version 2.1.63 are vulnerable to the teardrop attack. As stated earlier, upgrading your network hardware and software is the best way to stay secure from these types of attacks.

    Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

    This is by far the most deadly of all denial of service (DoS) attacks. since an easy fix is hard to come by. Instead of just installing the latest hardware and software, network administrators will usually need extra help with these types of attacks.

    A distributed denial of service (DoS) attack. or DDoS. is much like the ping flood method, only multiple computers are being used. In this instance, the computers that are being used may or may not be aware of the fact that they are attacking a website or network. Trojans and viruses commonly give the hacker control of a computer, and thus, the ability to use them for attack. In this case the victim computers are called zombies.

    A DDoSattack is very tough to overcome. The first thing to do is to contact your hosting provider or internet service provider, depending on what is under attack. They will usually be able to filter out the bulk of the traffic based on where it’s coming from. For more large-scale attacks, you’ll have to become more creative.

    If you have access to your router, and are running a Cisco brand, enter the following command into your router command prompt: No ip verify unicast reverse-path.

    This will ensure that attackers can’t spoof their IP address. This will still be a problem for zombie computers however, since those IP addresses aren’t spoofed at all. In this case, you can do one of several things.

    Options in DDoS Prevention

    • 1. Hire a security company to assess and repair the damage

    As a last resort, the traffic can be routed to a sink hole, which will route all traffic elsewhere until a solution can be obtained. This will route good traffic and bad traffic- so this is usually not a good choice.

    Closing Comments

    As you can tell, the majority of denial of service (DoS) attacks can be prevented through simply upgrading to the latest hardware and software. In the case of distributed denial of service (DoS) attacks. we have less simplistic options to work with.

    Even giants such as Microsoft have fallen victim to the DoSattack. Generally, it’s a good idea to not make many enemies- and keep a sharp watch on your network at all times. And in the event that you do track an attacker down, keep two things in mind. First, it may be a spoofed IP address, and thus, a false lead. Second, never attack back. Simply contact the authorities and wait for the justice system to do its work.

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    Wrongful Death Attorney #attorney #for #wrongful #death

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    San Francisco Wrongful Death Attorneys

    When a domestic partner, parent, spouse or child has been killed in an accident, the loss is sudden and devastating. In addition to the pain, grief and emotional loss, family members must deal with moving into the future without their loved one.

    At times like this, families turn to the California wrongful death attorneys who can help make sense of the legal and financial aspects of the family s loss and obtain financial compensation from those responsible.

    An Experienced Wrongful Death Law Firm

    At Walkup, Melodia, Kelly Schoenberger, our compassionate and experienced California wrongful death lawyers help families of fatal accident victims secure the financial compensation necessary to adapt and move forward. Our firm has been helping survivors for more than 45 years. We excel at identifying the negligence or indifference that led to death and holding those people or entities accountable.

    We regularly handle traffic fatality cases, including wrongful deaths resulting from motorcycle crashes and collisions with trucks. Our team explores the root causes and third-party liability, such as SUV design flaws resulting in rollovers or other auto defects contributing to fatal injuries. If a loved one was killed by an intoxicated driver. the bar, restaurant or party host who served the alcohol may be liable for damages.

    We have litigated health care-related deaths, including malpractice by physicians and surgeons. negligence and neglect in nursing home care. and accidents and negligence in Kaiser Permanente hospitals .

    Our legal team has handled catastrophic events such as plane crashes and fatalities from fires and explosions. Sometimes death occurs right in the home, from dangerous children s toys or household consumer product. Perhaps the victim died in a work-related accident, from chemical exposure. defective machinery or equipment or a construction hazard such as a scaffolding accident .

    The lawyers of Walkup Melodia have the resources and resolve to pursue justice for grieving families. We know what it takes to establish liability on the part of property owners. private employers and public entities. including death at the hands of police from brutality or deadly force. Our attorneys are also familiar with the special considerations required when seeking damages for the death of a newborn or the loss of a child .

    A Committed Legal Team For Your Family

    Our lawyers have represented husbands and wives, sons and daughters, mothers and fathers, and domestic partners in wrongful death actions against those responsible and accountable for the wrongful deaths of loved ones.

    We have recovered hundreds of millions of dollars on behalf of our wrongful death clients by bringing claims against negligent drivers, public entities, insurance companies, major corporations, hospitals, doctors, employers, trucking companies and other wrongdoers.

    If your family has suffered the loss of a loved one because of someone else s negligence or carelessness or because of an accidental mishap, a medical disaster, a work-related injury, a defective product or other wrongful conduct, talk to our California wrongful death lawyers. We have almost 50 years of experience confronting individuals, corporations and insurance companies to hold them responsible for an untimely and preventable loss of life.

    Contact Us For Dedicated, Compassionate Representation

    At the Walkup, Melodia, Kelly Schoenberger law firm, we are fully committed to caring for the survivors of wrongful death victims. Make an appointment for a free consultation by calling us at (415) 981-7210, or contact the Walkup firm online .

    Walkup, Melodia, Kelly Schoenberger handles wrongful death cases throughout the Bay Area, including San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, Redwood City, Pleasanton and Fremont.

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    California Medical Malpractice Attorneys #california #medical #malpractice #attorney,medical #malpractice,california,los #angeles,orange #county,bruce #fagel,lawyer,attorney,trial,wrongful #death

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    Medical Malpractice Is All We Do

    Despite the nature of your business and the sadness that results from so many of your clients, you bring hope and possibility of a future for these children and their families.Thank you for believing and fighting for all these victims resulting in medical negligence. We will forever be grateful for your representation of our son.

    Melinda and George Gordon
    Bakersfield, CA

    The jury came out and gave our daughter 8 million dollars plus a home. Dr. Fagel did an outstanding and tremendous job. It was amazing to see how he operated in a court room. In my opinion he made the other attorney look like he wasn t prepared.

    Warren Simpson
    Toluca Lake, CA

    I looked in the yellow pages and found an ad for Bruce Fagel and it said he was a doctor and attorney and specialized in brain damage. In April 2001 we went to the last deposition and we won $4.5 million dollars. Now we don t have to worry about the medical supplies and needs. I made the right decision by calling Bruce Fagel.

    Elizabeth Saxton
    Alameda, California

    When our daughter was born 11 years ago she was diagnosed with cerebral palsy due to a birth injury. We were very happy we contacted Mr. Fagel and seeked his help. After our settlement our life is much easier. Thank you Mr. Fagel.

    Ison Family
    San Bernardino, California

    Life before Dr. Fagel, not having the things we have now for Brandon was really hard. After his settlement and meeting Dr. Fagel, Brandon is set for life, anything he needs, as far as nursing care, medical, he s set, and that s a really great piece of mind.

    Tony Delgado
    Burbank, California

    You Deserve a Lawyer
    Who Is Also a Medical Doctor

    Medical Malpractice
    Is All We Do

    You Deserve a Lawyer
    Who Is Also a Medical Doctor

    Dr. Bruce Fagel has tried and settled more medical malpractice cases than any other attorney in California. When The National Law Journal selected The 10 Top Trial Attorneys in the Nation, Dr. Fagel was the only medical malpractice attorney listed. Dr. Fagel was nominated eight times by the Consumer Attorneys Association for their prestigious Trial Lawyer of the Year award. He is dedicated to fighting for his clients and getting them the results they deserve.

    Dr. Bruce Fagel practiced emergency medicine for 10 years before becoming an attorney and he currently maintains his medical license in California. His track record as a California medical malpractice lawyer and a doctor gives him the edge that is needed for maximum recoveries, awards and settlements in complex California medical malpractice cases.

    Dr. Fagel specializes in cases involving birth injuries. cerebral palsy. and brain injuries in adults, infants and children.

    If you or someone you love has suffered a catastrophic, life-changing injury as the result of the negligence of a doctor, hospital, nurse or other medical professional or facility, call our offices today at 800-541-9376 for a free consultation. Se habla español. All of our cases are taken on a contingency fee basis so there is no cost to you until we succeed. Click here for a video guide to common medical mistakes featuring Dr. Fagel.

    Why do you need an attorney who only handles complex medical malpractice cases?

    Unlike other types of personal injury cases, the facts necessary to prove your case are based on the medical records and testimony of medical experts. Your attorney must understand the facts of medicine and the law to effectively prepare expert medical witnesses whose testimony is necessary for any successful medical malpractice or negligence case.

    Ultimately, your attorney must explain the medical and legal issues to the jury and judge to recover the best settlement or verdict. If you want to receive the largest settlement possible, you must have an attorney who has both the experience and track record to represent your case; this is what sets Dr. Fagel apart from the rest.

    Get Answers
    About Your Case

    Welcome to Blackmer Funeral Home – based in Grangeville Idaho #funeral #home #in #grangeville #id,

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    Welcome to BlackmerFuneralHome.com

    It is our mission to deliver quality, honest and affordable funeral services.

    We offer burial, cremation, monument and pre-planning services in the region of North Central Idaho. It is our goal to provide you with information, services and products that will produce satisfying results for you in the days, weeks, months and years ahead.

    As a fourth generation funeral director, Jeff Blackmer understands the needs of his clients. His legacy is to provide quality services that help families manage final arrangements in the death of a loved one, or to help relieve the burden of funeral planning and preparation by family members.

    Through discussion and consultations, Blackmer Funeral Home can help individuals to enjoy the peace of mind of pre-planning and to ensure that the funeral will reflect his or her desired wishes.

    Blackmer Funeral Home is a member of both the National Funeral Director s Association and the Idaho Funeral Service Association .

    Jeff Blackmer is a licensed funeral director, mortician and offers pre-need counseling, monuments, casket selection, and burial insurance or life insurance needs.

    Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

    Pre-Planning Services

    Why should you pre-plan? Many people plan by putting away money to buy a home, to pay for their children’s education, or to live on during retirement. Why plan for these life events? It helps ease your mind and your family’s minds because you have already made decisions about what lies ahead. Planning also helps ease the financial burden of these Continue here.

    Copyright 2017 Blackmer Funeral Home – All rights reserved. · Log in

    Family sues city after girl’s peanut-allergy death at Camp Sacramento #sacramento #wrongful #death #attorney

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    Family sues city after girl’s peanut-allergy death at Camp Sacramento

    The parents of a 13-year-old girl with a peanut allergy who went into anaphylactic shock and died after eating a nighttime snack at Camp Sacramento have filed a wrongful death lawsuit against the city.

    Dr. Louis Giorgi and his wife, Joanne, charged in the suit, filed Friday in Sacramento Superior Court, that information had been conveyed “in writing and in person numerous times” to camp operators about their daughter Natalie’s peanut allergy. The girl was “conscientious about avoiding foods that contained peanuts or peanut by-products” and there were other children at the camp who shared the same allergy – a fact known to camp personnel, according to the lawsuit.

    “Obviously it’s something we find no joy in pursuing,” Louis Giorgi said of the lawsuit, “but it is consistent with our approach to accomplish the goal to help raise awareness of people, to pay attention to this and know it can be fatal. We need to take simple steps to protect all of our children. There can never be another Natalie. And there should never be another Natalie. It can be prevented.”

    Natalie Giorgi went into anaphylactic shock July 26 after eating a Rice Krispies Treat during a hula hoop contest on her family’s last night of a four-day vacation at the popular, city-owned Camp Sacramento facility near Lake Tahoe that has been visited by thousands of families since it opened in the 1930s.

    According to the lawsuit, the snack contained peanut butter that had been mixed into a marshmallow filling “in such a way as to be visually undetectable” and also “difficult or impossible to determine that the treat contained peanut butter by taste.”

    During an interview in the office of their attorney, Roger A. Dreyer, the Giorgis said that their daughter had been diagnosed with the peanut allergy at age 3 when she had a mild reaction to either hazelwood or macadamia nuts. They said that since the diagnosis, she never again displayed any symptoms of the allergy until the night she died.

    During the hula hoop competition, the parents left the main dining hall for a moment to get some cereal for the next day’s breakfast, when their daughter ran up to them and said, “I ate something. I ate a Rice Krispies Treat, and it it didn’t taste right.”

    Louis Giorgi, a urologist and former Navy flight surgeon, always kept two EpiPens for just such an occasion, to inject his daughter with epinephrine to combat the allergic reaction if symptoms appeared. For 20 minutes, the parents sat with her their daughter, who at first appeared to be fine. Then she told them, “Oh my God, I might get sick,” and she vomited and almost immediately stopped breathing.

    Louis Giorgi injected Natalie with the epinephrine, but “she didn’t respond, so I gave her another EpiPen (dose) right away,” Giorgi said.

    The injection failed to stop the fatal allergic reaction.

    “She was suffocating,” Giorgi said. “And she was frantic. There was terror in her eyes.”

    The couple had taken their daughter into a nurse’s station, where Dr. Giorgi broke open a medicine cabinet to get a third EpiPen.

    “It just didn’t work,” he said.

    Paramedics arrived but were unable to revive the girl.

    Dreyer, the plaintiffs’ attorney, said the city has not provided information on its protocol for preparing and labeling food for people with fatal allergies.

    Related stories from The Sacramento Bee

    “The family is prosecuting this case civilly in an effort to educate the public and make certain that the necessary steps are taken to keep children safe,” Dreyer said. “The bottom line is, if you don’t have the civil justice system to hold corporations and public entities accountable, then people are victimized.”

    Attorneys for the city of Sacramento did not return calls for comment Friday.

    The lawsuit said that in the family’s previous visits to Camp Sacramento, the staff at the facility on U.S. Highway 50 in El Dorado County either didn’t make anything with peanuts or peanut butter or clearly marked the foods as containing the ingredients.

    Joanne Giorgi said the family of six had been to Camp Sacramento three previous times and loved the programs for the kids, the hiking, the friendship and the trips to Pope Beach at nearby Lake Tahoe and everything else the facility offers.

    Before Natalie’s death, “We were just busy with life,” Joanne Giorgi said. “We were blessed. We were very fortunate. We recognize we had a lot of blessings. And we have fun kids. They crack me up. They each are unique and they each are a significant gift.”

    Natalie competed in gymnastics and loved school, her family and her friends, her parents said. She was passionate about things such as the environment and her science fair projects, according to her mother.

    The loss of the red-headed girl who was born premature at 29 weeks has been devastating to the family.

    “You get up every morning because you have these three other remarkable kids,” she said. “I tell people I have four children. I don’t just have three. But the fourth is not here for us to laugh with, to take to gymnastics practice. At the core of your soul, you miss that presence, because a piece of you is gone.”

    To “fill this emptiness” left by her daughter’s absence, Joanne Giorgi said, she and her husband have become activists in bringing the issue of food allergies to the public.

    They’ve created the Natalie Marie Giorgi Foundation to increase public awareness about food allergies. They’ve also established connections with the Stanford Alliance for Food Allergy Research and the Food Allergy Research & Education group out of McLean, Va.

    Joanne Giorgi testified earlier this month at a state legislative hearing on a bill to make California schools stock EpiPens and train campus personnel on how to administer the medicine.

    “We’re trying to share her message,” Joanne Giorgi said. “I know it would be important to her.”


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    Treatment of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism #alcohol, #abuse, #alcoholism, #abstinence, #detox, #rehab, #rehabilitation, #sober, #alcoholic,

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    Understanding Alcohol Use Disorder — Treatment

    What Are the Treatments for Alcoholism?

    The goal of treatment for alcoholism is quitting, though some people may be able to effectively cut down. Among alcoholics with otherwise good health, social support, and motivation, the likelihood of recovery is good. After treatment, about one-third of patients show no relapse or symptoms at 1 year. Many more report fewer alcohol-related social and health problems by cutting down alcohol intake. Poor social support, lack of motivation, and psychiatric disorders are all risk factors for relapsing. For some high-risk patients, success is measured by longer periods of abstinence, reduced use of alcohol, better health, and improved social functioning.

    Conventional Medicine for Alcoholism

    Treatment has three stages:

    Detoxification (detox): Abruptly decreasing or discontinuing alcohol can lead to withdrawal symptoms, usually within 6-12 hours. Typical symptoms include tremors, agitation, and insomnia. Alcohol withdrawal can be dangerous, so if symptoms are severe, you may need medical treatment.

    Rehabilitation: This involves counseling and medications to give the recovering alcoholic the skills needed for maintaining sobriety. This step in treatment can be done inpatient or outpatient. Depending on your support system and environment, both can be effective.

    Maintenance of sobriety: This step’s success requires an alcoholic to be self-disciplined. The key to maintenance is support, which often includes regular Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings and getting a sponsor.

    Because detoxification does not stop the craving for alcohol, recovery is often difficult to maintain. For a person in an early stage of alcoholism, discontinuing alcohol use may result in some withdrawal symptoms, including anxiety and poor sleep. Withdrawal from long-term dependence may bring the uncontrollable shaking, spasms, panic, and hallucinations of DTs. If not treated professionally, people with DTs have a mortality rate of more than 10%, so detoxification from late-stage alcoholism should be attempted under the care of an experienced doctor and may require a brief inpatient stay at a hospital or treatment center.

    Detox may involve one or more medications. The mainstay of treatment is benzodiazepines, anti-anxiety drugs used to treat withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety and poor sleep and to prevent seizures and delirium. These are the most frequently used medications during the detox phase, at which time they are usually tapered and then discontinued. They must be used with care, since they may be addictive.


    In the rehabilitation and maintenance stages of recovery, there are several medicines used to help maintain sobriety. One drug, disulfiram. may be used once the detox phase is complete and the person is abstinent. It interferes with alcohol metabolism so that drinking a small amount will cause nausea. vomiting. blurred vision. confusion, and breathing difficulty. This medication is most appropriate for alcoholics who are highly motivated to stop drinking or whose medication use is supervised, because the drug can make you feel really sick if you drink.

    Another medicine, naltrexone. reduces the craving for alcohol. Naltrexone can be given even if the individual is still drinking; however, as with all medications used to treat alcoholism, it is recommended as part of a comprehensive program that teaches patients new coping skills. It is now available as a long-acting injection that can be given on a monthly basis.

    Acamprosate is another medicine that has been FDA-approved to reduce alcohol craving.

    Finally, research suggests that the anti-seizure medicines topiramate and gabapentin may be of value in reducing craving or anxiety during recovery from drinking, although neither of these drugs is FDA-approved for the treatment of alcoholism.

    Antidepressants may be used to control any underlying or resulting anxiety or depression. but because those symptoms may disappear with abstinence, the medications are usually not started until after detox is complete and there has been some period of abstinence.

    Because an alcoholic remains susceptible to relapse and potentially becoming dependent again, the goal of recovery is total abstinence. Recovery typically takes a broad-based approach, which may include education programs, group therapy, family involvement, and participation in self-help groups. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the most well known of the self-help groups, but other approaches have also proved successful.

    Nutrition and Diet for Alcoholism

    Poor nutrition goes with heavy drinking and alcoholism: Because an ounce of alcohol has more than 200 calories but no nutritional value, ingesting large amounts of alcohol tells the body that it doesn’t need more food. Alcoholics are often deficient in vitamins A, B complex, and C; folic acid ; carnitine; magnesium. selenium. and zinc, as well as essential fatty acids and antioxidants. Restoring such nutrients — by providing thiamine (vitamin B-1) and a multivitamin — can aid recovery and are an important part of all detox programs.


    Supplemental Tips

    Living without alcohol can be an enormous adjustment. Here are some additional ideas that you may find helpful:

    • Avoid people and places that make drinking the norm, and find new, non-drinking friends.
    • Join a self-help group.
    • Enlist the help of family and friends.
    • Replace your negative dependence on alcohol with positive dependencies such as a new hobby or volunteer work with church or civic groups.
    • Start exercising. Exercise releases chemicals in the brain that provide a “natural high.” Even a walk after dinner can be tranquilizing.

    WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Sabrina Felson, MD on March 15, 2017


    American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition, 2013.

    Alcohol Abuse. Psychiatric Annuals 2005.

    Combs, R. Handbook of Addictive Disorders: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. Wiley, 2004.

    Littleton, J. American Journal of Addiction. 2003.

    National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

    © 2017 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

    Felony DUI Attorney in Las Vegas, Clark County, NV #felony #dui, #dui #with #prior #convictions,

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    Felony DUI Attorney in Las Vegas

    Although the vast majority of DUI offenses in Nevada are charged as a misdemeanor, there are several different ways in which a DUI can be charged as a felony. In Nevada, a DUI can be charged as a felony if the driver already has a certain number or type of prior drunk driving-related convictions. Additionally, a DUI can be charged as a felony offense if the DUI causes death or serious injury to someone else.

    A felony DUI in Nevada comes with increased penalties and the possiblity of time in jail, depending on the nature of the charges. If you were arrested for a felony DUI offense in Las Vegas, or anywhere in the surrounding areas of Clark County, then contact a criminal defense attorney at Gallo Law Office.

    Gallo Law Office represents clients charged with a felony DUI throughout Clark County, including North Las Vegas and Henderson. Call (702) 385-3131 to schedule a free consultation about your case. James C. Gallo can help you fight to have your charges reduced or even dropped.

    Information About Felony DUI Charges

    DUI with Prior Convictions in Nevada

    Depending on a person’s previous record, he or she could face felony charges for a DUI. Nevada Revised Statute 484C.400 provides for two different types of felony DUI offenses based on prior convictions.

    Third DUI Within Seven Years

    NRS 484C.400(1)(c) provides a third conviction for DUI within a seven-year period is a felony. Under Nevada law, the two prior misdemeanor offenses must have occurred within seven years of the third offense. The date of conviction is irrelevant because only the date of offense matters. Speer v. State. 116 Nev. 677, 5 P.3d 1063 (2000). Read more about a third DUI in Nevada within seven years.

    The prior DUI convictions can be from Nevada or from some other state if the prior punishes for the same or similar conduct. This means a person could have two DUI offenses on his or her record in California and face a felony in Nevada for a third offense within seven years. Although as a practical matter, it is often more difficult for the prosecutors to prove the prior convictions when they occurred out of state.

    In many of these cases, the prior out of state DUI cases will not even show up on the driving record. In some cases, the NCIC (National Criminal Information Center) rap sheet will show the prior offenses. If you have prior DUI convictions from out of state, talk with an attorney about whether those prior convictions will show up and how it will impact the way your case is resolved.

    NRS 484C.400(1)(c) provides that a third offense within seven years of the first offense is a felony DUI punishable by between one and six years in prison and a fine between $2,000 and $5,000.

    Prior Felony Conviction

    A conviction for DUI is a felony if the defendant has previously been convicted of a felony DUI, according to NRS 484C.400(2). Unlike a third offense DUI, the prior felony need not have occurred within seven years of the present offense. In this case, any felony DUI conviction constitutes a prior felony conviction.

    The prior felony DUI conviction can be from Nevada or from some other state if the prior punishes the same or similar conduct.

    Under NRS 484C.400(2), any DUI conviction following a felony DUI conviction is punishable by between two and 15 years in prison and a fine between $2,000 and $5,000.

    DUI with Injury or Death

    A person also could face felony charges for a DUI if he or she causes serious bodily harm to another person or kills someone while driving under the influence. This could apply whether the person is intoxicated by alcohol, drugs or a prescription medication.

    According to NRS 484C.430, a defendant who drives while impaired and causes death or substantial bodily harm to another person can be charged with a felony DUI. This charge is classified as a category B felony and is often called “DUI with Substantial Bodily Harm .”

    This type of DUI felony offense could be punishable by imprisonment in the Nevada state prison for a minimum of not less than two years and a maximum of not more than 20 years. A person also could be ordered to pay a fine between $2,000 and $5,000.

    Felony DUI Court in Las Vegas, Clark County, NV

    Administrative Order 2010-09 (Regarding Felony DUI Court) signed on June 10, 2010, ordered that the Felony DUI Court in Las Vegas, Clark County, NV, would be transitioned from Judge Kathy Hardcastle to Judge Jackie Glass.

    The Eighth Judicial Circuit for the District Court of Clark County has found that “the management of Felony DUI Court is a matter of great importance to the community, to public safety, and to the operation of the district court.”

    In 2007, the Nevada Legislature created Felony DUI Court which was managed by Chief Judge Kathy Hardcastle since its inception until July of 2010 when the transition to Judge Jackie Glass became effective.

    Finding a Felony Drunk Driving Attorney in Las Vegas

    If you need a drunk driving defense attorney in Clark County, Nevada, contact James C. Gallo. With offices located near the courthouse in downtown, Las Vegas felony DUI defense attorney James C. Gallo is experienced in fighting complex DUI cases.

    Find out more about fighting a felony DUI case in Nevada involving a refusal to submit to testing or a breath test, blood test or urine test. Learn more about enhanced penalties that might apply after you are found driving with an open container of alcohol, the possession of drugs, or a child passenger. Find out the impact of an allegation that the DUI involved property damage or personal injury.

    Meet Our Attorney

    A dedicated criminal defense lawyer, James C. Gallo fights for the rights of the accused in Las Vegas.

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    Las Vegas. NV 89101

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