SparkNotes: The Great Gatsby: Chapter 5 #the #great #gatsby, #chapter #5, #f. #scott #fitzgerald, #scene

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Summary

That night, Nick comes home from the city after a date with Jordan. He is surprised to see Gatsby s mansion lit up brightly, but it seems to be unoccupied, as the house is totally silent. As Nick walks home, Gatsby startles him by approaching him from across the lawn. Gatsby seems agitated and almost desperate to make Nick happy he invites him to Coney Island, then for a swim in his pool. Nick realizes that Gatsby is nervous because he wants Nick to agree to his plan of inviting Daisy over for tea. Nick tells Gatsby that he will help him with the plan. Overjoyed, Gatsby immediately offers to have someone cut Nick s grass. He also offers him the chance to make some money by joining him in some business he does on the side business that does not involve Meyer Wolfshiem. Nick is slightly offended that Gatsby wants to pay him for arranging the meeting with Daisy and refuses Gatsby s offers, but he still agrees to call Daisy and invite her to his house.

It rains on the day of the meeting, and Gatsby becomes terribly nervous. Despite the rain, Gatsby sends a gardener over to cut Nick s grass and sends another man over with flowers. Gatsby worries that even if Daisy accepts his advances, things between them will not be the same as they were in Louisville. Daisy arrives, but when Nick brings her into the house, he finds that Gatsby has suddenly disappeared. There is a knock at the door. Gatsby enters, having returned from a walk around the house in the rain.

At first, Gatsby s reunion with Daisy is terribly awkward. Gatsby knocks Nick s clock over and tells Nick sorrowfully that the meeting was a mistake. After he leaves the two alone for half an hour, however, Nick returns to find them radiantly happy Daisy shedding tears of joy and Gatsby glowing. Outside, the rain has stopped, and Gatsby invites Nick and Daisy over to his house, where he shows them his possessions. Daisy is overwhelmed by his luxurious lifestyle, and when he shows her his extensive collection of English shirts, she begins to cry. Gatsby tells Daisy about his long nights spent outside, staring at the green light at the end of her dock, dreaming about their future happiness.

Nick wonders whether Daisy can possibly live up to Gatsby s vision of her. Gatsby seems to have idealized Daisy in his mind to the extent that the real Daisy, charming as she is, will almost certainly fail to live up to his expectations. For the moment, however, their romance seems fully rekindled. Gatsby calls in Klipspringer, a strange character who seems to live at Gatsby s mansion, and has him play the piano. Klipspringer plays a popular song called Ain t We Got Fun? Nick quickly realizes that Gatsby and Daisy have forgotten that he is there. Quietly, Nick gets up and leaves Gatsby and Daisy alone together.

Analysis

Chapter 5 is the pivotal chapter of The Great Gatsby, as Gatsby s reunion with Daisy is the hinge on which the novel swings. Before this event, the story of their relationship exists only in prospect, as Gatsby moves toward a dream that no one else can discern. Afterward, the plot shifts its focus to the romance between Gatsby and Daisy, and the tensions in their relationship actualize themselves. After Gatsby s history with Daisy is revealed, a meeting between the two becomes inevitable, and it is highly appropriate that the theme of the past s significance to the future is evoked in this chapter. As the novel explores ideas of love, excess, and the American dream, it becomes clearer and clearer to the reader that Gatsby s emotional frame is out of sync with the passage of time. His nervousness about the present and about how Daisy s attitude toward him may have changed causes him to knock over Nick s clock, symbolizing the clumsiness of his attempt to stop time and retrieve the past.

We’re reading The Great Gatsby and WE HAVE THOUGHTS

Gatsby s character throughout his meeting with Daisy is at its purest and most revealing. The theatrical quality that he often projects falls away, and for once all of his responses seem genuine. He forgets to play the role of the Oxford-educated socialite and shows himself to be a love-struck, awkward young man. Daisy, too, is moved to sincerity when her emotions get the better of her. Before the meeting, Daisy displays her usual sardonic humor; when Nick invites her to tea and asks her not to bring Tom, she responds, Who is Tom ? Yet, seeing Gatsby strips her of her glib veneer. When she goes to Gatsby s house, she is overwhelmed by honest tears of joy at his success and sobs upon seeing his piles of expensive English shirts.

Next: Page 2 of Chapter 5


Spectrum Cable TV, Internet Provider & Home Phone Service Packages #tv #and #internet #packages, #charter

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Spectrum TV . Internet and Voice Service

What is The Spectrum Triple Play Bundle?

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About Spectrum Services

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Spectrum Triple Play Select

With Spectrum Triple Play Select, you get access to more than 10,000+ On Demand choices with more than 1,500 in HD. The 125+ channels you receive include free HD, the most HD for the price from Spectrum. You’ll also receive all your local channels in HD when available, plus popular favorites like ESPN, ESPN2, ABC Family, the Disney Channel, Discovery, CNN, Lifetime, Food Network, MTV and USA Network, along with new channels like OWN, Hallmark Movie Channel and Bloomberg. That’s just your television options. You also get Spectrum Internet . with download speeds up to 60 Mbps. The price of the modem is included in the deal. Also included is Spectrum Voice . which gives you unlimited local and long distance calling in the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and includes and easy to use Voice Mail system, FREE 411 calls and 16 other popular calling features along with free Wire Maintenance.

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With Spectrum On Demand, you can choose from a library of thousands of titles that you can watch any time—many of them completely FREE. New content is added every day, so you’ll never be bored! And accessing On Demand content is EASY: press a button on your remote, choose a category, then pick a title and enjoy. It’s really as easy as 1-2-3, so bring Spectrum Home!

Spectrum TV also brings you the Spectrum TV App, allowing you to watch live TV anywhere in your home, use your mobile device as a remote and manage your DVR so you never miss a show. In addition, you can take TV on the go with 60+ networks available on your computer or mobile device.

Spectrum Internet Service

Do you have a need? A need…for speed? We do too, and that’s why Spectrum has been pushing the limits of residential Internet speeds for years. Spectrum Internet brings you blazing fast Internet, designed to serve the needs of today’s households using multiple devices such as computers, tablets and gaming consoles to the serious videogame or movie enthusiast who needs a super fast connection. Users who sign up for Spectrum Internet with 60 Mbps also get a FREE license of Spectrum Security Suite with parental controls and automatic updates to protect up to 3 computers/devices at your home. All packages also come with a FREE Spectrum.net portal featuring Spectrum email access, On Demand listings, local news and sports, exclusive videos and even games. Spectrum’s high-speed internet service comes with up to 10 email accounts for the entire family, with a generous 1GB of storage per account. Also included FREE with Spectrum Internet is the cable modem that makes it all possible. Furthermore you will receive a subscription to ESPN3.com, giving you the widest variety of sports shows and videos available online, with great TV-quality picture and sound.

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Spectrum Voice includes not only unlimited local and long distance calling within the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada and the United States Virgin Islands, but you also get all the popular and useful calling features customers expect, at no extra cost. When you sign up for Spectrum Voice phone service, you get voicemail, FREE 411 calls, call waiting, caller ID, custom rings, call screening, anonymous call rejection, call forwarding and more.

With Spectrum’s easy-to-use voicemail, you’ll never miss a call just because you’re away from home or on another call. Anonymous Call Rejection automatically drops calls from callers whose information is blocked from the caller ID. Call Waiting alerts you with a beep that another caller is trying to reach your number while you’re on a call. Speed Dial 8 lets you assign up to 8 numbers for quick, one digit dialing. Call Forwarding lets you forward your calls to another number so you won’t miss any important calls while you’re away from home. Selective Call Acceptance is a security feature that allows you to select up to 12 numbers that can call you — all others will be rejected.

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HIGHTOWER, STRATTON, NOVIGROD, KANTOR

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There is a better way for everything. Find it.
Thomas Edison

Hightower, Stratton, Novigrod Kantor is a boutique corporate defense law firm with convenient locations throughout the state of Florida. Founded in 1992 by Dale R. Hightower, our focus has always been achieving the best results for our business partners and providing excellent legal services through the use of innovative multimedia platforms at an incomparable value.

Personalized service is always available to our business partners via cellphone 24/7. Unlike our mega-law firm competitors, we build an individual relationship with the companies we serve, considering them a part of our family. With locations in Miami, West Palm Beach, Orlando and Tampa Bay, we are able to assist a wide array of businesses; from start-ups to Fortune 500’s.

Hightower, Stratton, Novigrod Kantor prides ourselves on excellent service and ethical behavior. Dale is rated AV Preeminent by Martindale Hubbell, an honor which is “an objective indicator of a lawyer’s high ethical standards and professional ability.” We understand the risks when one of our business partners is involved in litigation and always pursue the most judicious course of action.

We offer our legal services in a wide array of areas include premises liability, personal injury, construction defect, workers compensation, and many more. While you’re here, check out our Firm News and Awards section to see what our talented attorneys are up to, or scroll through their Attorney Profiles to learn more about them. Thank you for stopping by!

Check out our firm on for the latest industry buzz!

Our Offices

Miami/Ft. Lauderdale/The Keys

4770 Biscayne Boulevard
Suite 1200

Miami. Florida 33137 Phone: (305) 539-0909
Fax: (305) 530-0661

West Palm Beach/Stuart/Ft. Pierce

330 Clematis Street
Suite 201

West Palm Beach. Florida 33401 Phone: (561) 833-2022
Fax: (561) 833-2140

151 Southhall Lane
Suite 140

Orlando. Florida 32751 Phone: (407) 352-4240
Fax: (407) 352-4201

Tampa/St. Petersburg/Ft. Myers

4427 W. Kennedy Boulevard
Suite 225

Tampa. Florida 33609 Phone: (727) 209-1373
Fax: (727) 209-1383

Areas of Practice

AWARDS AFFILIATIONS

Hightower, Stratton, Novigrod, Kantor serves business partners throughout the state of Florida and has offices located in the major cosmopolitan strongholds of Miami, West Palm Beach, Orlando and Tampa Bay.

Attorney Advertising. This website is designed for general information only. The information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of a lawyer/client relationship. [ Site Map ] [ Bookmark Us ]

Martindale-Hubbell and martindale.com are registered trademarks; AV, BV, AV Preeminent and BV Distinguished are registered certification marks; Lawyers.com and the Martindale-Hubbell Peer Review Rated Icon are service marks; and Martindale-Hubbell Peer Review Ratings are trademarks of Internet Brands, Inc. used under license. Other products and services may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Copyright © 2017 Internet Brands, Inc. All rights reserved.

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10% off Sitewide Sale | Laptop, Desktop Electronics Deals

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Support i : Remote Diagnosis is determination by online/phone technician of cause of issue; may involve customer access to inside of system and multiple or extended sessions. If issue is covered by Limited Hardware Warranty and not resolved remotely, technician and/or part will be dispatched, usually in 1 or 2 business days following completion of Remote Diagnosis. In-Home Service provided by Dell Marketing L.P. Availability varies. Other conditions apply. For complete details about In-Home Service, visit www.dell.com/servicecontracts.

Memory i : Significant system memory may be used to support graphics, depending on system memory size and other factors.

Hard Drive i : GB means 1 billion bytes and TB equals 1 trillion bytes; actual capacity varies with preloaded material and operating environment and will be less.

Video Card i : GB means 1 billion bytes; significant system memory may be used to support graphics, depending on system memory size and other factors.

*Promotional eGift Card: Arrives separately from purchase, typically in 10-20 days from ship date via email; expires in 90 days (except where prohibited by law). Terms and conditions apply. See www.Dell.com/giftcard/promoterms.

*Rewards are issued to your online Dell Advantage Loyalty Rewards Account (available via your Dell.com My Account) typically within 30 business days after your order’s ship date; Rewards expire in 90 days (except where prohibited by law). “Current rewards balance” amount may not reflect the most recent transactions occurring within the past 30 business days. Up to 6% rewards only on Dell Preferred Account purchases. 3% reward on all other purchases. Bose products only eligible for 3% rewards. Total rewards earned may not exceed $2,000 within a 3 month period. Outlet purchases do not qualify for rewards. Expedited Delivery not available on certain TVs, monitors, batteries and adapters. Other exceptions apply. Not valid for resellers and/or online auctions. See Dell.com/rewardsfaq

^DELL PREFERRED ACCOUNT (DPA): Offered to U.S. residents by WebBank, who determines qualifications for and terms of credit. Taxes, shipping, and other charges are extra and vary. Dell and the Dell logo are trademarks of Dell Inc.

P2104 | 3.0.1.465 | 08/18/2017 09:38:14

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Online Surgical Tech Programs and Training, Are They Available, surgical technology programs.#Surgical #technology #programs

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Can I Become a Surgical Technician Online?

Surgical technology programs

A surgical technician career is fast-paced and hands-on which means your education will happen in the classroom. Currently there are no online surgical technician programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs.

However, if you re looking for an online program to get you started in the health care field, other options, including medical assisting and surgical assisting, are available. These can be solid jumping off points if you decide to enroll in a surgical tech program later.

Why Accreditation is Important

Most employers and some states require surgical technicians to be certified by the National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting. In order to sit for the exam, you ll need to complete an accredited program. Upon passing the certification exam, you ll be able to use the title Certified Surgical Technologist (CST).

The National Center for Competency Testing also offers certification to those who pass an exam and have a formal education from an accredited school.

If you decide to enroll in another allied health program—online or not—you ll want to look for schools accredited by the appropriate accrediting body.

Technical Requirements

Whether you plan to earn a certificate or associate s degree, an online program in surgical assisting or medical assisting will require students to have the following:

  • A reliable computer
  • High-speed Internet access
  • An email account

Your ability to communicate via the Internet will determine the success of your relationships with your instructors and fellow students. Make sure you re adequately prepared by familiarizing yourself with the following:

  • The software that your online school uses for instruction
  • The amount and method of communication that each instructor expects from you
  • The online forums that will be used for group discussions.

The Successful Online and On-Campus Student

Surgical technicians need to be able to think on their feet during hours of intense surgery, and degree programs, online or not, are designed to prepare students for such demanding work. Here are some characteristics of a successful student:

  • Involved: Students enrolled in surgical tech programs have many opportunities for interaction with instructors and peers. Don t be afraid to call or email your instructor when you have any questions. You can find additional support in the form of study groups as well.
  • Organized: Students who are organized are able to combat distractions when they are trying to study at home. If you think you are lacking in this area, set up a space and time that is reserved for your schoolwork only.
  • Disciplined: While keeping up with required reading, completing homework and taking tests at your own pace online can be very liberating, the work can quickly pile up if you lack self-motivation. Students succeed in their classes when they use discipline to break work into manageable tasks and stick to a daily routine.
  • Focused: If you have trouble staying focused, create a calendar detailing expected timeframes for completion of schoolwork. Refer to the calendar as often as possible in order to track your progress.

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Direct Mail Systems, Direct Mail Marketing Company, direct mail marketing inc.#Direct #mail #marketing #inc

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direct mail marketing inc

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One part commercial printing and direct mail production company, one part multi-channel marketing solution provider, all parts extraordinary customer service. From an occasional local mailing to ongoing nationwide campaigns, we re the marketing partner you simply shouldn t live without.

A leader in non-profit direct mail fundraising. For more than three decades we have been proving that passion for a better world, in-the-trench experience and an unwavering commitment to fundraising ethics are keys to attracting donors and raising dollars for our clients from every corner of the world.

Our nationally recognized team of political pros at DMS provides personalized service and strategy to candidates and organizations throughout the country. Whether raising dollars or reaching voters through the mail, clients can consistently rely on our top-notch turnkey services, our decades of expertise, and our record of success at every level.


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Create and manage distribution groups: Exchange Online Help, distribution email list.#Distribution #email #list

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Create and manage distribution groups

Distribution email list

Applies to: Exchange Online, Exchange Server 2016, Office 365

Use the Exchange Administration Center (EAC) or Exchange Management Shell to create a new distribution group in your Exchange organization or to mail-enable an existing group in Active Directory.

There are two types of groups that can be used to distribute messages:

Mail-enabled universal distribution groups (also called distribution groups) can be used only to distribute messages.

Mail-enabled universal security groups (also called security groups) can be used to distribute messages as well as to grant access permissions to resources in Active Directory. For more information, see Manage mail-enabled security groups.

It’s important to note the terminology differences between Active Directory and Exchange. In Active Directory, a distribution group refers to any group that doesn’t have a security context, whether it’s mail-enabled or not. In contrast, in Exchange, all mail-enabled groups are referred to as distribution groups, whether they have a security context or not.

Estimated time to complete: 2 to 5 minutes.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the “Distribution groups” entry in the Recipients Permissions topic.

If your organization has configured a group naming policy, it’s applied only to groups created by users. When you or other administrators use the EAC to create distribution groups, the group naming policy is ignored and isn’t applied to the group name. However, if you use the Shell to create or rename a distribution group, the policy is applied unless you use the IgnoreNamingPolicy parameter to override the group naming policy. For more information, see:

Click New Distribution email list Distribution group.

Distribution email list

You can now create an Office 365 group instead of a distribution group, if you have an Office 365 for business plan or an Exchange Online plan. Office 365 groups have the features of a distribution group and much more. With Office 365 groups, you can send email to a group, share a common calendar, have a library for storing and working on group files and folders. Click New Distribution email list Office 365 group to get started and check out Office 365 Groups – Admin help.

If you have existing distribution groups that you want to migrate to Office 365 groups, check out Migrate distribution lists to Office 365 Groups – Admin help.

If you still want to create a distribution group, click or tap the New distribution group wizard.

On the New distribution group page, complete the following boxes:

* Display name Use this box to type the display name. This name appears in your organization’s address book, on the To: line when email is sent to this group, and in the Groups list in the EAC. The display name is required and should be user-friendly so people recognize what it is. It also must be unique in the forest.

* Alias Use this box to type the name of the alias for the group. The alias can’t exceed 64 characters and must be unique in the forest. When a user types the alias in the To: line of an email message, it resolves to the group’s display name.

Organizational unit (You’ll only see this option in Exchange 2013 on-premises) You can select an organizational unit (OU) other than the default (which is the recipient scope). If the recipient scope is set to the forest, the default value is set to the Users container in the Active Directory domain that contains the computer on which the EAC is running. If the recipient scope is set to a specific domain, the Users container in that domain is selected by default. If the recipient scope is set to a specific OU, that OU is selected by default.

To select a different OU, click Browse. The dialog box displays all OUs in the forest that are within the specified scope. Select the OU you want, and then click OK.

* Owners By default, the person who creates a group is the owner. All groups must have at least one owner. You can add owners by clicking Add Distribution email list.

Members Use this section to add members and to specify whether approval is required for people to join or leave the group.

Group owners don’t have to be members of the group. Use Add group owners as members to add or remove the owners as members.

To add members to the group, click Add Distribution email list. When you’ve finished adding members, click OK to return to the New distribution group page.

Under Choose whether owner approval is required to join the group, specify whether approval is required for people to join the group. Select one of the following settings:

Open: Anyone can join this group without being approved by the group owners This is the default setting.

Closed: Members can be added only by the group owners. All requests to join will be rejected automatically

Owner Approval: All requests are manually approved or rejected by the group owners If you select this option, the group owner or owners will receive an email message requesting approval to join the group.

Under Choose whether the group is open to leave, specify whether approval is required for people to leave the group. Select one of the following settings:

Open: Anyone can leave this group without being approved by the group owners This is the default setting.

Closed: Members can be removed only by the group owners. All requests to leave will be rejected automatically

When you’ve finished, click Save to create the distribution group.


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Solar ad #solar #ad

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Click here if your country is not listed

Leading the daylighting revolution

When it comes to lighting, we believe that access to daylight is a human right. Studies have shown that people exposed to natural light are more productive, achieve a better sense of well-being, and are more positive. Until recently, the technology to deliver natural light to interior spaces like closets, bathrooms, offices and corridors simply didn’t exist. That’s no longer the case.

As a pioneer of the daylighting industry and the global leader in tubular daylighting devices for more than 20 years, we’ve perfected the capture and transmission of the sun’s rays indoors where it was once thought impossible.

Solatube tubular daylighting devices, or TDDs for short, are affordable, high-performance lighting solutions that bring daylight into interior spaces where traditional skylights and windows simply can’t reach. Sometimes called “tubular skylights,” “light tubes,” “sun pipes,” and even “light tunnels,” TDDs have become the ideal solution for lighting interiors in a cost-effective, energy-efficient and eco-friendly way because they significantly reduce the need for electricity while keeping people connected to the outdoor environment.

Selecting the right TDD for your residential or commercial project is a crucial decision, and Solatube Daylighting Systems are the superior choice because they are the only high-performance daylighting devices that utilize patented optical technologies to significantly improve the way daylight is captured and delivered to interiors.

Solatube Daylighting Systems, mistakenly called “solar tubes”, also are modular and easy to connect to ceiling systems. And unlike traditional skylights, they are designed to control the problematic aspects of sunlight. They reduce glare and inconsistent light patterns. They also screen infrared rays that can overheat interiors as well as ultraviolet rays that can fade furniture and fabrics.

Aside from their functionality, our daylighting systems also promote creative architectural expression. They can be designed to achieve specific lighting effects such as wall washes and soffit lighting. They even can provide illumination for special applications such as living walls and aquariums.

For projects requiring maximum energy efficiency in an integrated design, we also manufacture a hybrid option that combines advanced Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) with our proven daylighting technology. The Solatube Smart LED System automatically blends ultra-energy efficient LED light with free natural light to provide illumination throughout the day and night while significantly cutting energy use.

Solatube International is the best-known brand in the industry for a reason. Our daylighting systems use the best materials, the most advanced technologies, and the most progressive engineering to create products that deliver the highest quality daylight at the greatest output. In fact, millions of units have been installed in residential and commercial buildings to date and we install more each day.

And we do it because we believe everyone deserves to experience the benefits that bright, beautiful and free daylight has to offer. That’s why designing high-performing, cost-effective and affordable daylighting systems that reduce electricity use and energy costs is not only our job, it’s our passion.


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About Cyril H, pathologist degree.#Pathologist #degree

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pathologist degree

Cyril H. Wecht, M.D., J.D., is a forensic pathologist, attorney and medical-legal consultant.

Dr. Wecht received his medical degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and his law degree from the University of Maryland. Dr. Wecht is certified by the American Board of Pathology, in anatomic, clinical, and forensic Pathology, and is also a Fellow of the College of American Pathologists and the American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Cyril H. Wecht is a Clinical Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Graduate School of Public Health, and holds positions as an Adjunct Professor at the Duquesne University School of Law, School of Pharmacy, and School of Health Sciences. He has served as President of the American College of Legal Medicine, the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, and served as Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the American Board of Legal Medicine and the American College of Legal Medicine Foundation. The author of more than 550 professional publications, Dr. Wecht is also an editorial board member of more than 20 national and international medical-legal and forensic scientific publications; editor of the five-volume set, Forensic Sciences (Matthew Bender); co-editor of the two and three-volume sets, Handling Soft Tissue Injury Cases and Preparing and Winning, Medical Negligence Cases (both published by Michie).

Formerly the Chairman of the Department of Pathology at Saint Francis Central Hospital in Pittsburgh, Dr. Wecht is now the President of its medical staff and is actively involved as a medical-legal and forensic science consultant, author, and lecturer. Dr. Wecht has organized and conducted Postgraduate Medical-Legal Seminars in more than fifty countries throughout the world in his capacity as Director of the Pittsburgh Institute of Legal Medicine. He has performed approximately 17,000 autopsies and has supervised, reviewed or has been consulted on approximately 30,000 additional postmortem examinations.

Nationally Acclaimed Forensic Expert


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Something for Nothing – Shoplifting Addiction and Recovery #chemical #addictions #recovery #effort

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Something for Nothing – Shoplifting Addiction and Recovery

by Terrence D. Shulman, JD LMSW ACSW CAADC CPC

With the holidays upon us, several studies over the years have noted a sharp increase in shoplifting and shoplifting arrests between November and January. With the downward economy, it’s likely temptation will strike many who might otherwise not risk it–and many may become addicted to the thrill of getting something for nothing.

I ought to know. I was 24 years old in March 1990, in the middle of law school, and handcuffed to the wall of a holding cell in a suburban Detroit police station. I had been arrested for shoplifting for the second time in four years. I thought my life was over before it had really begun. I’d been shoplifting on and off since I was about 15. Just prior to my second (and, hopefully, last) arrest, I finally came clean with my family about my secret life, the depression I couldn’t shake, and entered therapy. Over the next year, I’d come to realize I had become addicted to stealing. Later, I learned that about 10% nearly everyone had shoplifted once. Yet,

I felt alone. I didn’t know any shoplifters, there were no books on the subject, no support groups, no specialized treatment programs.

Fast forward 22 years later, I feel grateful to be a recovering shoplifter. I was fortunate, despite my criminal record, to be licensed as an attorney in 1992. I started a local support group for recovering shoplifters and “theft addicts” which has blossomed over the years. I went back to school full-time to earn my MSW in 1997 and I’ve been an addiction therapist ever since, cutting my teeth in the chemical dependency field for seven years until starting my own specialized treatment program for theft addiction in 2004: The Shulman Center. During the last few years, we’ve expanded to treat the often related and intertwined disorders of compulsive spending (shopping/buying) and hoarding.

It comes as no surprise to any therapist working in the addiction field (or any therapist who has personally struggled with addiction) that the majority of addicts have battled multiple addictions, simultaneously and/or consecutively. Thus, it’s vital we educate ourselves about every addictive- compulsive behavior–especially those that are emerging (such as TV, video game, and Internet) and those that, in my opinion, have existed for ions but remained unrecognized (compulsive stealing, spending and hoarding).

According to recent statistics and surveys, more than 10% of Americans shoplift and that most shoplift not out of need or greed but, rather, in response to various pressures in their lives. For most shoplifters, it’s not about the money or the thing–Winona Ryder proved that. Most act out of feelings of anger, loss, disempowerment, and entitlement. And many become hooked, addicted. Nearly 70% of shoplifters arrested will shoplift again unless there’s effective intervention/ treatment. Have you or anyone you know ever shoplifted?

What’s common about shoplifting, employee theft, over-shopping/ overspending, and hoarding is that they have only recently been identified and treated as mental health issues. As a therapist specializing in treating compulsive theft and spending and as a recovering theft addict myself since 1990, I’ve had the opportunity to help thousands of people since that time. In 1992 I founded C.A.S.A. (Cleptomaniacs And Shoplifters Anonymous) in metro- Detroit. Only a dozen or so such support groups exist in the North America. While many Debtors Anonymous groups exist, there are few Shopaholics Anonymous groups and relatively few local Clutterers Anonymous or Messies Anonymous groups for hoarding. Many therapists fail to recognize, let alone effectively treat, people who are afflicted theft, spending, or hoarding disorders.

Taking theft fist, I’ve theorized there are primarily seven types of people who shoplift and estimated each group’s percentage among all persons who shoplift.

1. Common Thieves/Professionals — The plain opportunists who work individually or in “rings” to shoplift for profit or greed. It’s a job to them, part-time or full-time. (15%)

2. Drug Addicts/Gambling Addicts — Those who steal to support an underlying addiction. They usually need treatment for their underlying addiction(s) first but may have picked up a theft addiction along the way. (10%)

3. The Impoverished — Those who perceive that they need to steal to survive. Explore resources and issues of pride and fear in asking for help. Often grief and loss issues are present. (15%)

4. Thrill Seekers — Mostly younger people who steal as a dare, due to peer pressure, or who are drawn to various risk- taking behaviors. They must find safer, more affirming ways to experience excitement. (10%)

5. Absent-minded — Mostly older people, those on medications, those with cognitive disorders, or those who need to slow down their pace. Accidents do happen. but tell that one to the judge! (1%)

6. Kleptomaniacs — Those who steal impulsively, not out of anger, mostly to calm self when anxious. Items stolen are usually not needed and are discarded or hoarded. Treatment usually is with medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy. (1%)

7. Addictive-Compulsives — Those who tend to get a rush from stealing but the stealing is the acting out of emotions, a ritual effort to distract oneself from pain and to make life right. The stealing is the drug. Medication and therapy are often essential.

With compulsive stealing, spending, and hoarding I have observed roughly ten emotional issues which often appear at the root of the person’s compulsions and represent the fuel which drive them; these include:

1. Anger — to try to take back, to make life fair

2. Grief — to fill the void due to a loss

3. Depression — to distract from sadness, to get a lift

4. Anxiety/Stress — to calm fears, to comfort

5. Acceptance / Competition – to fit in

6. Power and Control – to counteract feeling lost or powerless

7. Boredom/Excitement – to live life on the edge

8. Shame/Low Self-esteem — to validate a reason to feel bad or to create a sense of competence in something even if it is a negative behavior like stealing

9. Entitlement/Reward — to compensate oneself for over-giving or having suffered

10. Rebellion/Initiation – to break into one’s authentic identity

We need to look at the roots of these behaviors which are not merely personal or familial but which are related to increasing stress, materialism, emptiness, and addiction in our society and world. We need more research and new perspectives.

Like with any epidemic, the longer we wait, the more we will all suffer. My hope is that with more open conversation and more resources available, we shall see a transformation in the awareness of how we view these behaviors. Only then will we attain a more honest, balanced, and abundant society and world.

TIPS for Dealing with Shoplifting Addiction:

  • Admit you have a problem and need help;
  • Seek professional, specialized counseling/therapy;
  • Read books/watch TV programs on this subject;
  • See websites www. kleptomaniacsanonymous.org or www. somethingfornothingbook.com
  • Attend support groups;
  • Seek a psychiatric evaluation for medication(s):
  • Avoid stores;
  • Ask for support from family and friends.

About the Author

Since 2004, Mr. Shulman has been the Founder/Director of The Shulman Center for Compulsive Theft Spending in metro- Detroit. He counsels clients in person and by phone from across the U.S. and Canada. He has authored three recovery books: “Something for Nothing: Shoplifting Addiction and Recovery” (2003), “Biting The Hand That Feeds: The Employee Theft Epidemic” (2005), and “Bought Out and spent! Recovery from Compulsive $amp;hopping and spending” (2008).


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